Trust

What is trust? How can you trust? Who should you trust? What does the Bible mean when it talks of trust?

Incredible as it seems, there are many Hebrew words for trust. Here a few that show up in the book of Proverbs (my focus of study right now).

 

Chaçah, khaw-saw´; a primitive root; to flee for protection 

This word has the meaning of “to lean on someone or something”. If you are hiking with a group of your friends and you sprain your ankle, you are going to lean on one of your companions to help you out of the wilderness. God is the one that we lean on when things get tough. We can also lean on our friends and family for support as well.

Prov. 14:32 zThe wicked is overthrown through his evildoing,

but athe righteous finds refuge in his death.

Prov. 30:5    tEvery word of God proves true;

he is ua shield to those who take refuge in him.

 

Aman primitive root; properly, to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain;

Prov. 11:13 Whoever rgoes about slandering reveals secrets,

but he who is trustworthy in spirit keeps a thing covered.

Prov. 14:15 zThe simple believes everything,

but the prudent gives thought to his steps.

Prov. 25:13 Like the cold of snow in the time of harvest

is ba faithful messenger to those who send him;

he refreshes the soul of his masters.

Prov. 26:25 vwhen he speaks graciously, believe him not,

for there are wseven abominations in his heart;

Prov. 27:6 Faithful are dthe wounds of a friend;

profuse are the kisses of an enemy.

 

Batach, baw-takh´; a primitive root; properly, to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as 2620); figuratively, to trust, be confident or sure:—be bold

This word has the more concrete meaning of “to cling”. A related word, avatiyach (#20) is a melon which clings to the vine. Even though the melon is huge, just as our problems seem to be, the vine is very small. We may not see God but, his is our strength, the one who nourishes us just as the vine nourishes the melon.

Prov. 3:5    iTrust in the LORD with all your heart,

and jdo not lean on your own understanding.

Prov. 11:15 tWhoever puts up security for a stranger will surely suffer harm,

but he who hates striking hands in pledge is secure.

Prov. 11:28 Whoever strusts in his riches will fall,

but the righteous will tflourish like a green leaf.

Prov. 14:16 aOne who is wise is cautious4 and bturns away from evil,

but a fool is reckless and careless.

Prov. 16:20 Whoever gives thought to the word2 pwill discover good,

and blessed is he qwho trusts in the LORD.

Prov. 28:1    cThe wicked flee when no one pursues,

but dthe righteous are bold as a lion.

Prov. 28:25 A greedy man sstirs up strife,

but the one who trusts in the LORD will tbe enriched.

26 Whoever utrusts in his own mind is a fool,

but he who walks in wisdom will be delivered.

Prov. 29:25 iThe fear of man lays a snare,

but whoever trusts in the LORD is safe.

Prov. 31:11 The heart of her husband trusts in her,

and he will have no lack of gain.

 

Kesel – properly, fatness, i.e. by implication (literally) the loin (as the seat of the leaf fat) or (generally) the viscera; also (figuratively) silliness or (in a good sense) trust:—confidence, flank, folly, hope, loin.

Prov. 3:26 for the LORD will be your confidence

and will qkeep your foot from being caught.

 

Galal – a primitive root; to roll (literally or figuratively):—commit, remove, roll (away, down, together), run down, seek occasion, trust, wallow.

Prov. 16:3 oCommit your work to the LORD,

and your plans will be established.

Prov. 26:27 xWhoever digs a pit will fall into it,

and a stone will come back on him who starts it rolling.

 

Zakhar – primitive root; properly, to mark (so as to be recognized), i.e. to remember; by implication, to mention;

Prov. 31:7 plet them drink and forget their poverty

and remember their misery no more.

 

Mivtach – properly, a refuge, i.e. (objective) security, or (subjective) assurance:—confidence, hope, sure, trust.

Prov. 21:22 bA wise man scales the city of the mighty

and brings down the stronghold in which they trust.

Prov. 22:19 That your trust may be in the LORD,

I have made them known to you today, even to you.

 

Tocheleth – to-kheh´-leth; from 3176; expectation:—hope.

Prov. 10:28 sThe hope of the righteous brings joy,

tbut the expectation of the wicked will perish.

Prov. 11:7 When the wicked dies, his khope will perish,

and lthe expectation of wealth1 perishes too.

Prov. 13:12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick,

hbut a desire fulfilled is ia tree of life.

 

Tiqvah [876b]; from 6960a; a hope:—expectation(3), hope(28), longing(1).

from 6960; literally, a cord (as an attachment (compare 6961)); figuratively, expectancy:—expectation ((-ted)), hope, live, thing that I long for.

Prov. 10:28 sThe hope of the righteous brings joy,

tbut the expectation of the wicked will perish.

Prov. 11:7 When the wicked dies, his khope will perish,

and lthe expectation of wealth1 perishes too.

Prov. 11:23 The desire of the righteous ends only in good,

ithe expectation of the wicked in wrath.

Prov. 19:18 fDiscipline your son, for there is hope;

do not set your heart on gputting him to death.

Prov. 23:18 Surely vthere is a future,

and your whope will not be cut off.

Prov. 24:14 Know that wisdom is such to your soul;

if you find it, there will be qa future,

and your hope will not be cut off.

Prov. 26:12 Do you see a man who is jwise in his own eyes?

kThere is more hope for a fool than for him.

Prov. 29:20 Do you see a man who is hasty in his words?

cThere is more hope for a fool than for him.

 

May the Lord use these verses to develop in us a greater trust in Jehovah.

 

Sources:

http://godspureword.blogspot.com/2013/02/the-7-hebrew-words-for-trust.html

https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-Hebrew-words-for-trust-in-God

https://www.ancient-hebrew.org/studies-words/hebrew-words-for-trust.htm 

https://weekly.israelbiblecenter.com/hebrew-trust/

Strongs concordance and Hebrew dictionary.